why is ecosystem diversity important

Climate Change and Global Warming Introduction. Not only does diversity ensure species reproduction it also cultivates competion. 15 Jan. 2021. Discover the Importance of India. Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, is the term we use for the variety of animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, and other intertwined life forms within any ecosystem… “from towering redwood trees to tiny, single-cell algae that are impossible to see without a microscope.”. At least 40 per cent of the world’s economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources. Added an update on declining numbers of large carnivores, Added a couple of videos about measuring environmental costs to society, Added notes about how environmental needs to be measured by our economic systems, Short notes and illustrations added on further reasons for biodiversity importance, Short examples added of how ecosystems rely on various species’ interactions and dependencies. The benefits of these silent parts of our economy is also summarized in these videos by TEEB’s Pavan Sukhdev: The BBC notes that biodiversity is fundamental to economics. Human intervention to perform the same services would be more costly. This is a clear case of inter-related issues: the health of the environment is strongly tried to our economic choices (i.e. Being against prevailing thought, they would not agree. Why is BIODIVERSITY important? PLAY. Forests and wetland ecosystems provide crucial buffers to extreme storms and flooding related to climate change. . Read on, as we’ll explore the reasons why preserving biodiversity is such an important task. In addition to that, other related measurements, such as GNP are therefore flawed, and even reward unproductive or inefficient behavior (e.g. Appreciating diversity is important as this is what forms the societies that we live in. 19 Jan. 2014. Learn. As reported by CNN (May 5, 2000), One third of all our food—fruits and vegetables—would not exist without pollinators visiting flowers. It is hard to know, but there is a lot of waste in the existing system. Terms in this set (18) Biodiversity. The G8 nations, together with 5 major emerging economies — China, India, South Africa, Brazil, Mexico — use almost three-quarters of the Earth’s biocapacity. A reduction in meat production could protect forests or help reduce clearance of forests for cattle ranches, which would have a knock-on benefit for climate change concerns. When any severe impact is there for a particular species on the ecosystem, the other several plant species performing similar functions can help the survival of the plants and ecosystem sustenance. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is an organization — backed by the UN and various European governments — attempting to compile, build and make a compelling economics case for the conservation of ecosystems and biodiversity. 1. If a fire tears through a forest where only one species exists and is wiped out by the fire, the forest ecosystem is less likely to deal with this loss than if only one out of 20 species disappeared. “Why Is Biodiversity Important? The term biodiversity (from the phrase “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. The diversity of plants in the many ecosystems is the source for medicines that humans use to treat disease. Why is diversity important in an ecosystem? Sometimes links to other sites may break beyond my control. The Gulf Coast of Florida is another unique ecosystem with different characteristics. Teach a man to fish; and you have fed him for a lifetime.” — Old Chinese Saying. A few years later, they found the park with the culled population had remained in poor condition. Planting and protecting nearly 12,000 hectares of mangroves in Vietnam costs just over a million dollars but saved annual expenditures on dyke maintenance of well over seven million dollars. And so, while we dominate this planet, we still need to preserve the diversity in wildlife. Industrial-farming techniques would deprive these diverse species of food sources and instead assault them with chemicals, destroying the rich biodiversity in the soil and with it the basis for the renewal of the soil fertility. The earthworm is like a natural tractor, fertilizer factory and dam, combined! However, while commercial entities can exploit resources elsewhere, local fishermen will go out of business and the poorer will likely go hungry (as also detailed on this site’s section on biodiversity). The variety of life on Earth, its biological diversity is commonly referred to as biodiversity. This will take a little while to explain so please bear with me. But honeybees, the primary species that fertilizes food-producing plants, have suffered dramatic declines in recent years, mostly from afflictions introduced by humans. Ecosystem Productivity. In the mid-1990s, the Institute for Economic Democracy calculated that as much as half the American economy constituted of wasted labor, wealth and resources (book: World’s Wasted Wealth, II — see sample chapter). Add another link to more information about importance of biodiversity. In addition, the richer the diversity of life, the greater the opportunity for medical discoveries, economic development, and adaptive responses to such new challenges as climate change. However, for similar information, you could look at, What the global economy would look like with nature on the balance sheet, The hidden environmental and social costs from corporations, Renewable Energy Transition Key to Addressing Climate Change Challenge, For Heavily Indebted Small Islands, Resilience-Building is the Best Antidote, Facing their Failure to meet 2020 Biodiversity Targets, World Leaders Pledge Action & Funds, https://www.globalissues.org/article/170/why-is-biodiversity-important-who-cares, https://www.globalissues.org/print/article/170, A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services, Soil, bacteria, plants; the Nitrogen Cycle, Large carnivores essential for healthy ecosystems, Biodiversity providing lessons for scientists in engineering, More important than human use or biological interest, Putting an economic value on biodiversity, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops, Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity, Bees provide enormous benefits for humankind, Solving the Mystery of the Vanishing Bees, Three quarters of the world’s big carnivores are in decline, human actions cannot fully replace the role of large carnivores, some spiders can produce their silk with a higher tensile strength than many alloys of steel, The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for National and International Policy Makers 2009, Environment: Save At Least Half the Planet, or Lose It All. The biodiversity of an ecosystem is important because it stabilises the whole system where life is present. Biodiversity is categorized into species diversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity. One of the main reasons we should continue to focus on preserving biodiversity is that it helps to boost ecosystem productivity. Where possible, alternative links are provided to backups or reposted versions here. The natural pace at which this happened allowed vegetation to grow back. An ecosystem can only truly thrive if all life forms in it are thriving. The park where things were left alone has naturally regenerated; the large elephant populations eventually reduced in number as they undermined their own resource base. Ecosystem diversity is a type of biodiversity. Add another link to more information about importance of biodiversity. To print all information (e.g. Who Cares?.” Global Issues. So much so that economic measures such as GDP often ignores environmental costs. 2. This can be done by recycling & storage of nutrients, controlling pollution, & stabilizing climate. This then has an impact on various local social, political and economic issues. Test. Biological diversity, or biodiversity, is the scientific term for the variety of life on Earth. On a large scale for example plants have diversity to prevent them from being wiped out by a parasitic attack or something. how we use resources), but addressing core short-comings in our economic systems is a crucial political challenge. Who Cares? It has perhaps taken about a decade or so — and a severe enough global financial crisis that has hit the heart of this way of thinking — to change this mentality (in which time, more greenhouse gases have been emitted — inefficiently). More examples are discussed on this site’s section on consumption and consumerism). Private and public decisions affecting biodiversity rarely consider benefits beyond the immediate geographical area…. Despite these free benefits, it has long been recognized that we tend to ignore or underestimate the value of those services. Tense postgame handshake between college coaches The cost of replacing these (if possible) would be extremely expensive. Martin Khor: Historical Responsibility for Climate Change Emission Reduction, Global temperature anomalies, 1880 - 2014, http://www.wwf.org.uk/core/wildlife/fs_0000000029.asp, http://web.archive.org/web/20070103012619/http://www.wwf.org.uk/core/wildlife/fs_0000000029.asp, http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=49300, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2009/11/17/3539, http://www.panos.org.uk/download.php?id=84, US$ 70 bn. Biodiversity plays significant role in soil formation and its conservation. We need ants to survive, but they don't need us at all. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. Biodiversity in all of its forms—ecological, species, and genetic—is important for numerous reasons. Importance of Ecosystem: It provides habitat to wild plants and animals. Naturally, those who benefit from the current system may be hostile to such changes, especially if it may mean they might lose out. Bees provide enormous benefits for humankind as another example. An estimated 40% of world trade is based on biological products or processes. The link and dependency between plants, bees, and human agriculture is so crucial, the two scientists writing up years of research into the problem summarized with this warning: Humankind needs to act quickly to ensure that the ancient pact between flowers and pollinators stays intact, to safeguard our food supply and to protect our environment for generations to come. As German bee expert Professor Joergen Tautz from Wurzburg University adds: Bees are vital to bio diversity. While there might be survival of the fittest within a given species, each species depends on the services provided by other species to ensure survival. They can also overlook local public benefits … in favor of private benefits …, even when local livelihoods are at stake, or focus on short-term gains to the detriment of the sustained supply of benefits over time…. https://greentumble.com/why-is-it-important-to-conserve-biodiversity (2006) from public companies alone, Many products derived from genetic resources (enzymes, microorganisms), Personal care, Botanical and food & Beverage industries. Why 'Crocodile Dundee' star, 81, came out of retirement. However, it has long been argued that prices don’t truly reflect the full cost of things, so either the signal is incorrect, or comes too late. Why is Biodiversity Important? Markets fail to capture most ecosystem service values. It is a type of cooperation based on mutual survival and is often what a balanced ecosystem refers to. Generally, when a variety is extinct from it or there is a decrease in its population, this indicates that these species were not … Rest is unchanged, for now, since January 1, 2001. By contrast, waiting 10 more years could reduce the net benefit of halving deforestation by US$ 500 billion. Created by. The fact that within a forest, pond or sea there are countless different animals, plants, … Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Issues That Affect Us All. Researchers are finding reasons for the massive decline hard to pinpoint, but suspect a combination of various diseases, environmental pollution, environmental degradation (leading to less diversity for bees to feed from, for example) and farming practices (such as pesticides, large monoculture cropping, etc). diversity is not only important but required. The earth itself sets an example of ecosystem diversity as it contains forests, oceans, deserts and wetlands. Economists talk of the price signal that is fundamental to capitalism; the ability for prices to indicate when a resource is becoming scarcer. Biodiversity is important because it provides biological resources, such as food and medicine, and ecosystem services, such as protection of water, soil, climate and nutrients. Ecosystem is more diverse when it contains varied landscapes, creating more space for shelter and escapes which allows the rapid growth of plants as … There are several important reasons for us to gain an understanding of the dynamic nature of biological diversity, particularly in terms of maintaining ecological balance. There are 130,000 plants for example for which bees are essential to pollination, from melons to pumpkins, raspberries and all kind of fruit trees — as well as animal fodder — like clover. Why is the Ecosystem so Important? However, for similar information, you could look at Consequences of changing biodiversity, Nature 405, 234 - 242, 11 May 2000 and Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity, Nature 405, 208–211, 11 May 2000. As the study notes, human actions cannot fully replace the role of large carnivores because these large carnivores are an intrinsic part of an ecosystem’s biodiversity. However, that is in a strange way, not really a justifiable excuse as it is a subjective, human or anthropomorphasized view. Thus preserving the structure of biological communities rather than increasing the number of species are very important for maintaining ecosystem services. An example from the seas (originally mentioned here years ago but removed because the link to the story no longer worked), was described by National Geographic Wild in a program called, A Life Among Whales (broadcast June 14, 2008). Match. 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