south africa merino wool

The ewes are mated naturally, with one ram used for every 33 ewes. Changing the shearing interval has meant that the ewes are now shorn just before they lamb, ensuring they are in a better condition to look after their young, says André. A… Trumps Merino Stud - … SOUTH AFRICA MERINO WOOL IS GLOBALLY ACCLAIMED FOR EXCEPTIONAL QUALITY APPAREL WOOL AND IS METICULOUSLY CLASSED FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET. • Sheep are sheared more often, which eliminates wool growth in the area where blowfly lay their eggs, • Localised application of pesticide to the breech area to kill the blowfly is standard practice. While they sometimes lose a couple of animals to predation, primarily honey badgers, he sees this as part of “nature’s share”. New Yarns & Shades Sirdar Adventure Haworth Tweed DK Country Classic Worsted Snuggly Replay Sirdar Jewelspun Sirdar Saltaire Snuggly Snowflake Chunky. 100% Wool - Merino. “Wheat is an incidental part of our production system, because it allows us to create sustainable rotations with feed crops, and the sheep can graze the stubble. Recently Added Need inspiration? Merino South Africa, the representative body of all Merino farmers and stud breeders, founded in 1937, says Merino is by far the largest sheep breed in South Africa with about 13 million sheep and 2 500 farmers. “My father, John Albertyn, and my husband André and I have all put great effort into breeding sheep with good wool qualities, resulting in the flock looking totally different from what it did two generations ago,” says Pam Christie-Smith, who belongs to the sixth generation on the farm. Kleiheuwel Trust, based in Bredasdorp, recently achieved one of the top 10 best prices in the history of South African wool sales, and the highest price during the previous season’s BKB wool auctions. Different lines or genotypes within the Merino breed exist in South Africa, mainly differing with regard to skin development (pleats) and fibre diameter. kg of wool. The average production per sheep is … BKB classes the young ewes at around nine months of age, based primarily on the quality of their wool. Because I’m not a stud breeder, I don’t buy the most expensive animals, but usually end up buying animals slightly below the average sales price of the day.”. High-quality merino wool from South Africa meets yak wool, combining to make this soft-wearing, lightweight but warm yarn. André vaccinates the sheep against bluetongue, pulpy kidney, enzootic abortions, tetanus and pasturella, and consults the local veterinary medicine consultants to guide his pest and parasite management programme. André plants 300ha a year in a rotation of wheat with feed crops, such as triticale and oats, as well as barley, of which some is sold to the malting industry. The South African Meat Merino sheep is a breed of domestic sheep originating in South Africa. Check it out! With the sheep being grouped according to their ages and ewes being kept separate from wethers, André has been able to develop full traceability from the wool to a group of animals, without using any special electronics. This long history has established woolgrowers who have a keen appreciation of how to care for their animals and the environment. Machine wash? The Merino of Australia is the backbone of the largest wool producing country in the world and this breed is the only one grown purely for its wool. It was once part of the historic Zoetendals Vallei farm that belonged to the Van Bredas of Bredasdorp, who owned South Africa’s first commercial Merino flock in 1817. Clearance André’s aim is to produce wool with an average fleece length of 60mm to 70mm, although between 70mm and 80mm would be ideal. Good genetics “We buy about 20 rams a year and replace them after three years.”, His ram selection strategy is straightforward: “My purchasing decisions are based on BLUP records, specifically wool quality and whether the mother had a history of twins. #Happy #clients. Kleiheuwel, situated near L’Agulhas in the Western Cape’s Overberg region, has a rich farming heritage. The wet and dry technique is used to identify ewes failing to rear a lamb. Underrated wethers Conrtact 0824666174 or info@mohairblanket.co.za. And the breed was developed by the South African Department of Agriculture. The breed grows well in arid conditions as found in Australia, South Africa and parts of New Zealand. “John used to say that a lamb doesn’t die of cold if its stomach is full,” says André. plied. Animals are normally sheered annually and … EASY CARE High performing Merino Wool is durable and easy to care for. I make that money back in the wool cheque.”. Attributes. Back then, just like now, it sounded almost too good to be true, with hikers coming back from 10 days in the Drakensberg, wearing one t-shirt, and not wanting to burn the thing at the end of it. I first heard of merino wool being used in sportswear about 10 years ago when Icebreaker, the New Zealand merino clothing company, entered the South African market. Kleiheuwel, situated near L’Agulhas in the Western Cape’s Overberg region, has a rich farming heritage. This long history has established woolgrowers who have a keen appreciation of how to care for their animals and the environment. Browse our … During the whole of its colonial period, the Cape province remained the most important wool producing area in Southern Africa and although the sheep industry subsequently spread rapidly throughout virtually the whole of the country, 'Cape Wool' has become the international generic trade term for all wool produced on the sub-continent. The feeding regime has also been improved: “Merinos are unlikely to get too fat, with higher consumption generally turning into better wool yields. While Merinos are no longer produced on the original farm, Kleiheuwel has continued the Merino tradition, and the flock had steadily improved with each passing generation. The lambing percentage has increased from 71% to 114% over the same time. Rams usually have horns and ewes usually are polled. Although Spain exported wool to England, the Low Countries and Italy in the 13th and 14th centuries this was only used to make cheap cloths. Culled animals are sold to an abattoir in the Eastern Cape. A ewe that has to go an entire day without food after lambing in the morning won’t be able to look after her lambs.”. Mean fibre diameter is the major price determinant for Merino wool, with finer micron categories normally commanding a premium over medium and strong wool. The rams are dosed with 20ml wheat germ once a week for a month to ensure they are in top form by the time they are placed with the ewes, while the ewes receive preformulated supplements from two weeks before the mating season starts in October until six weeks after they have lambed. As you may know, Core Merino is a brand owned by the company BKB. South Africa was the first country outside Europe which owned Merinos. At the end of 2000 a small herd of Alpacas were imported from Chile into South Africa where they are bred for their wool as well as to encourage Alpaca breeders in South Africa. Merino Wool South Africa was invited to the Mohair Summit with a Merino Wool range, made by fashion designer Karen Ter Morshuizen, from Lunar. Core Merino started out a little bit differently. Parasitic infestation of the body of a live mammal by fly larvea that grow inside the host while feeding on its tissue. Crops, meat and wool account equally for the farm’s income, but the operation is geared towards wool production. Training programmes were put in place with retailers like Woolworths to encourage interest and purchasing in the Merino Wool product range. Cowgirlblues is a Cape Town-based dye house and design studio specialising in South African wool and mohair. Ewes reach their reproductive peak at five years of age, after which they are sold. Handcrafted Wood Furniture. The SAMM has been developed as a versatile, hardy, polled dual-purpose breed. At the time of writing, the flock comprised about 1 500 ewes, 1 300 lambs and 2 000 wethers. They always have access to clean water and ample food, shelter, preventive care, and speedy treatment, and often call thousands of acres home. The South African Meat Merino or SAMM is a wool and meat sheep originating in South Africa, but now found throughout the world. He and Pam dream of developing their own wool brand one day, with buyers coming to their farm to buy wool, as is done in Australia. “The ewe shouldn’t have any visible defects and she may be small, but not skinny,” says André. Seeing how the industry works has motivated André to take more care in the sorting of wool during shearing to produce more uniform batches. The Landsheep has a very long and deep body, producing heavy lamb carcasses of 20 - 25 kg at 100 to 120 days with an above average slaughter percentage of around 54%. “I like the idea of our wool being used in some of the finest suits made in Italy,” says Pam. Email André Christie-Smith at [email protected]. He can now present more lines of wool at auction, garnering much higher returns. The remaining 950ha are under old pastures or veld. This guarantees the ethical treatment of our flocks. Our Merino Wool is sourced from South Africa and Australia and is 100% Non-Mulesed Certified. Ewes are scanned and multiples are separated from single pregnancies. The Merino originated in Spain. Established in 1937, Merino SA has been representing the industry for more than eighty years. The wethers are castrated at six weeks of age and weaned along with the lamb ewes at about four months of age, depending on veld conditions. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep, muskoxen, goats, rabbits, camelids, and other animals that possess long hair. André regularly attends BKB auctions in Port Elizabeth to strengthen ties with buyers, and the farm has established itself as a fine wool producer, with many wool buyers seeking it out. At six weeks of age, the lambs are marked and the udders and teats of the ewes are inspected to determine whether they have milk and are, in effect, rearing lambs. 100% Merino Wool Chunky Knit Blankets, Throws & Decor Hand Crafted. It was once part of the historic Zoetendals Vallei farm that belonged to the Van Bredas of Bredasdorp, who owned South Africa’s first commercial Merino flock in 1817. As a result, the industry consistently generates a high quality, environmentally sound product for international markets. Spain became noted for its fine wool (spinning count between 60s and 64s) in the late 15th century, and by the mid-16th century its merino wool was acknowledged to equal that of the finest English wools. It’s worth it to buy #naturalfiber products. Acrylic Alpaca Bamboo Cashmere Cotton Extra Fine Merino Wool Merino Wool Mohair Nylon Polyester Silk Viscose Wool. Breeding Consequently, the South African woolgrower can give much more individual attention to his flock and take preventative steps to avoid flystrike. Ethically sourced wool products begin with flocks of hardy Merino sheep grazing on green grass in the shadow of jagged peaks. The first Merino Landsheep was imported from Germany in 1956 and quickly adapted to South Africa’s grazing conditions and climate. The SAMM is derived from the German Merinofleischschaf animals imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932, to improve the quality of … What is mulesing: Mulesing involves the removal of strips of wool-bearing skin from around the breech (buttocks) of a sheep to prevent fly strike. Maiden ewes, however, are given a second chance. Welcome to Natural Yarns ~ where you will find natural fibre materials and useful tools for all your fibre craft creations! © 2021 Farmer's Weekly Magazine | Caxton Magazines Digital |, Meet one of SA’s top Merino wool producers, Israeli technologies could boost SA agriculture, Easy-to-grow brinjals ensure steady profits, Backyard broiler business: Start small, dream big, Langkloof hailstorm damages apple, pear crop, Early rainfall could lead to fall armyworm infestations, Invitation for Expression of Interest In Milk Afric, ‘Farmers cannot afford to pay higher wages’ – agri role players. The industry prides itself as a South African leader in wool and mutton production and Merino SA has a proud tradition of excellence and integrity. THE HISTORY OF MERINO SHEEP . • The average flock size in South Africa is considerably smaller than in Australia. The other hand, we regard meat as a result, the industry consistently generates a quality! 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